ALEXA FLUOR® 594
Alexa conjugate 1
Applications with corresponding dilutions
Purified by Protein A.
Polyclonals and antibodies
Conjugated Primary Antibody
Alexa Fluor,ALEXA FLUOR® 594
Anti-Smad3 (Ser208) Polyclonal
Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Also known as
Smad3 (Ser208) Polyclonal Antibody
For facs or microscopy Alexa 1 conjugate.
This antibody reacts specifically with Smad3 (Ser208)
Cross reactive species
Human (Homo sapiens), Mouse (Mus musculus), Rat (Rattus norvegicus)
Water buffered solution containing 100ug/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and 0.09% sodium azide. Store at 4°C for 12 months.
KLH conjugated synthetic phosphopeptide derived from human Smad3 around the phosphorylation site of Ser208 [NL(p-S)PN]
This antibody needs to be stored at + 4°C in a fridge short term in a concentrated dilution. Freeze thaw will destroy a percentage in every cycle and should be avoided.
Polyclonals can be used for Western blot, immunohistochemistry on frozen slices or parrafin fixed tissues. The advantage is that there are more epitopes available in a polyclonal antiserum to detect the proteins than in monoclonal sera.
Cross Reactive Species details
No significant cross reactivity has been observed for this antibody for the tested species. However, note that due to limited knowledge it is impossible to predict with 100% guarantee that the antibody does not corss react with any other species.
SMAD3phospho S208; SMAD3phospho Ser208; p-SMAD3Ser208; hMAD 3; hSMAD3; HSPC193; JV15 2; JV152; MAD mothers against decapentaplegic Drosophila homolog 3; MAD3; MADH 3; MADH3; Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 3; Mothers against DPP homolog 3; SMA and MAD related protein 3; SMAD 3; SMAD; SMAD-3; SMAD3_HUMAN.
Avoid freeze/thaw cycles as they may denaturate the polypeptide chains of the antibody, thus reducing its reactivity, specificity and sensitivity. For antibodies that are in liquid form or reconstituted lyophilized antibodies small amounts could become entrapped on the seal or the walls of the tube. Prior to use briefly centrifuge the vial to gather all the solution on the bottom.
Smad3 is a 50 kDa member of a family of proteins that act as key mediators of TGF beta superfamily signaling in cell proliferation, differentiation and development. The Smad family is divided into three subclasses: receptor regulated Smads, activin/TGF beta receptor regulated (Smad2 and 3) or BMP receptor regulated (Smad 1, 5, and 8); the common partner, (Smad4) that functions via its interaction to the various Smads; and the inhibitory Smads, (Smad6 and 7). Activated Smad3 oligomerizes with Smad4 upon TGF beta stimulation and translocates as a complex into the nucleus, allowing its binding to DNA and transcription factors. Phosphorylation of the two TGF beta dependent serines 423 and 425 in the C terminus of Smad3 is critical for Smad3 transcriptional activity and TGF beta signaling.