WB, IHC, IF, FACS, ELISA
Polyclonal (rabbit origin)
Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
In 1X PBS, pH 7.4, with 0.09% sodium azide
This SMAD4 antibodyis to be used only for research purposes and not for diagnostics..
Western blot: 1:1000,IHC (Paraffin): 1:10-1:50,Immunofluorescence: 1:10-1:50,Flow Cytometry: 1:10-1:50
A portion of amino acids 400-428 from the human protein was used as the immunogen for this SMAD4 antibody.
Titration of the SMAD4 antibody may be required due to differences in protocols and secondary/substrate sensitivity.
If you buy Antibodies supplied by NJS poly they should be stored frozen at - 24°C for long term storage and for short term at + 5°C.
Human (Homo sapiens) ; Due to limited knowledge and inability to test the antibody against all known species, we cannot guarantee that no other cross reactivity can occur.
Aliquot the SMAD4 antibody and store frozen at -20 deg. Celcius or lower. Cycles of freezing and thawing can denaturate the peptide chains of the antibodies and reduce their sensitivity and/or change their affinity. Prepare aliqotes in such a manner so that freeze-thaw cycles are minimized.
In muscle physiology, SMAD4 plays a central role in the balance between atrophy and hypertrophy. When recruited by MSTN, promotes atrophy response via phosphorylated SMAD2/4. MSTN decrease causes SMAD4 release and subsequent recruitment by the BMP pathway to promote hypertrophy via phosphorylated SMAD1/5/8. Acts synergistically with SMAD1 and YY1 in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-mediated cardiac-specific gene expression. Binds to SMAD binding elements (SBEs) (5'-GTCT/AGAC-3') within BMP response element (BMPRE) of cardiac activating regions (By similarity). [UniProt]