WB, IF, IHC, ELISA
Antigen affinity purified
Polyclonal (rabbit origin)
Rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
In 1X PBS, pH 7.4, with 0.09% sodium azide
Western blot: 1:1000,Immunofluorescence: 1:10-1:50,IHC (Paraffin): 1:10-1:50
This SMAD3 antibodyis to be used only for research purposes and not for diagnostics..
A portion of amino acids 127-156 from the human protein was used as the immunogen for this SMAD3 antibody.
Titration of the SMAD3 antibody may be required due to differences in protocols and secondary/substrate sensitivity.
If you buy Antibodies supplied by NJS poly they should be stored frozen at - 24°C for long term storage and for short term at + 5°C.
Human (Homo sapiens) ; Due to limited knowledge and inability to test the antibody against all known species, we cannot guarantee that no other cross reactivity can occur.
Aliquot the SMAD3 antibody and store frozen at -20 deg. Celcius or lower. Cycles of freezing and thawing can denaturate the peptide chains of the antibodies and reduce their sensitivity and/or change their affinity. Prepare aliqotes in such a manner so that freeze-thaw cycles are minimized.
SMAD3 is a receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD) that is an intracellular signal transducer and transcriptional modulator activated by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor) and activin type 1 receptor kinases. Binds the TRE element in the promoter region of many genes that are regulated by TGF-beta and, on formation of the SMAD3/SMAD4 complex, activates transcription. Also can form a SMAD3/SMAD4/JUN/FOS complex at the AP-1/SMAD site to regulate TGF-beta-mediated transcription. Has an inhibitory effect on wound healing probably by modulating both growth and migration of primary keratinocytes and by altering the TGF- mediated chemotaxis of monocytes. This effect on wound healing appears to be hormone-sensitive. Regulator of chondrogenesis and osteogenesis and inhibits early healing of bone fractures. Positively regulates PDPK1 kinase activity by stimulating its dissociation from the 14-3-3 protein YWHAQ which acts as a negative regulator. [UniProt]